Chlamydia and gonorrhea are easily diagnosed and treated
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) caused by bacterial infections. They are transmitted through sexual contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus of an infected individual. These STDs can also be transmitted from a mother with an untreated infection to her newborn during childbirth, increasing the risk of chlamydial conjunctivitis and pneumonia, and gonorrhea-associated eye infections and sepsis.
Although many infected individuals do not show any symptoms, untreated chlamydial and gonorrheal infections can lead to serious health complications. In females, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and PID-associated infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain can occur. Untreated chlamydia during pregnancy has been associated with preterm delivery, and untreated gonorrhea during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage and inflammation of the lining of the uterus.
Complications in untreated males can include epididymitis, sterility, and prostatis. Other potential complications include gonococcal bacteremia, pharyngitis, and reactive arthritis. Chlamydial and gonorrheal infections also facilitate the transmission of HIV infection.
Why consider this test?
You should consider getting tested if:
- You are sexually active
- You have had unprotected sex
- You are entering a new relationship
- You are experiencing symptoms of an STD
- You have had a partner with an STD
If you suspect that you have been exposed to chlamydia or gonorrhea, be aware that there is a “window period” of around two weeks where laboratory assays are unable to detect bacteria that cause these two common STDs.
CDC recommendations for testing:
- Annual testing for both chlamydia and gonorrhea in all sexually active females <25 years, and in females >25 years who have risk factors (e.g. new partner or multiple sexual partners)
- Testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea in all pregnant females
- Annual testing for gonorrhea in all sexually active males <25 years, and in males >25 years who have risk factors
- Routine testing for chlamydia in sexually active men who have sex with men, and in clinical settings with a high prevalence of chlamydia
Symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhea
Symptoms in Females
Increased urinary frequency
Rectal pain, swelling & bleeding
Symptoms in Males
Testicular pain & swelling
Increased urinary frequency
Rectal pain, swelling & bleeding
What’s included in this test?
Chlamydia is an STD caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is the most commonly reported bacterial infection worldwide. Chlamydia is most common among people between the ages of 15 to 24. Approximately 1 in 20 sexually active young women (aged 14 to 24) has chlamydia. It is also common among men who have sex with men.
Gonorrhea is an STD caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It affects the layer of cells that lines the reproductive tract (the mucous membranes). In women, gonorrhea infections can affect the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. In men, the infection affects the urethra. This bacterium can also infect the mucous membrane of mouth, eyes, and rectum.
How It Works
Order your test
Choose the test that matches your need from our large array of tests. The kit will be delivered to your doorstep. There is no need to leave the comfort of your home.
Collect your sample
Register and activate your test. Collect your sample first thing in the morning. Return your sample to our lab as soon as possible, using the prepaid envelope included in the kit.
Your sample will be tested as soon as it arrives in our lab. Your results will be available through our secure online platform.
Use TherizonConnect to view your test results quickly and easily
The results are only available through TherizonConnect, a free, secure patient portal that you can access on your smartphone, tablet, or desktop. You can also share your results with your doctor, family, or friends.
How does the Chlamydia & Gonorrhea Test work?
To take a urine sample, use the collection cup provided and transfer a small amount of the urine into the sample vial. Place your sample in the specimen bag provided and mail it back to the lab using the prepaid envelope inside the kit.
Several different diagnostic tests are available for chlamydia and gonorrhea. Our lab uses a molecular testing technique known as nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT), which detects the presence of bacterial DNA from a urine sample or a vaginal swab. NAAT tests are the most sensitive and can be performed rapidly.
Why should I get tested?
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are common STDs, particularly in individuals aged between 15 and 24 years, but many infected individuals remain asymptomatic. Testing is simple and non-invasive. Treatment is simple and effective and will prevent any complications associated with these STDs.
Can I get chlamydia and gonorrhea again?
Yes. Although antibiotic treatment is effective for the current bacterial infection, it does not prevent future infections through exposure to an infected individual.
If I get a positive result, what should I do next?
Contact a health professional to begin a course of prescribed antibiotics as soon as possible. Abstain from sexual contact until the completion of the antibiotic course. Ensure that any recent sexual partners are aware of your diagnosis so they can also request testing.
How are chlamydia and gonorrhea treated?
Chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics. Gonorrhea is easily treated with dual antibiotics. If your test is positive, talk to your healthcare provider. Refrain from sexual activity until your antibiotic course is completed. If your symptoms do not subside after a few days of taking antibiotics, visit your healthcare provider.
It is important to complete your antibiotic treatment, since inappropriately treated partners can pass on the disease. Repeat infections are common, particularly in women. Multiple infections in women can lead to reproductive complications.
How can chlamydia and gonorrhea be prevented?
Avoiding vaginal, rectal or oral sex is the only sure-fire way to prevent STDs. If you are sexually active, male condoms when used properly, reduce the risk of getting or giving chlamydia and gonorrhea. Long-term monogamous relationships with a tested partner also reduce the risk.
How common are chlamydia and gonorrhea?
Any sexually active individual is at risk of chlamydial and gonorrheal infection, with an increased risk among younger individuals. Chlamydia is one of the most prevalent STDs in the US with 1,758,668 cases reported to CDC in 2018, corresponding to a rate of 539.9 cases per 100,000 population. However, due to many individuals remaining asymptomatic and not undergoing testing, annual chlamydia cases are estimated to be closer to 2.86 million.
Gonorrhea is also a common STD in the US with 583,405 cases reported to the CDC in 2018, corresponding to a rate of 179.1 cases per 100,000 population. 50-60% of new chlamydia and gonorrhea infections occur in individuals aged between 15 and 24 years. The prevalence of chlamydial and gonorrheal infections varies between racial and ethnic groups, with significantly higher rates among blacks compared to whites.
Are false-negative and false-positive results possible?
A negative result does not exclude the possibility of infection. False-negative test results may occur due to improper specimen collection, concurrent antibiotic therapy, presence of inhibitors, or organism levels below the sensitivity of this assay (which is common within 2 weeks post-exposure).
False-positive results are rare. A false-positive result may also occur directly after successful antimicrobial therapy, as C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae nucleic acids may persist for 3 weeks or more.
Convenient at-home test to check for four common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Convenient at-home test to check for five common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).